Flexible bar compression test
The article considers experimental and theoretical research of longitudinal stability of a flexible steel bar design under axial compression. The bar is a flat thin-walled element, pivotally fixed at the ends. The experimental study was carried out on a Zwick/Roell Z100 installation using special equipment that simulates geometric boundary conditions. During the loading process, a diagram of the deformation of a real bar with initial shape imperfections was automatically constructed. The experimental critical force was determined from the deformation diagram. This force was compared with the critical forces obtained from calculations using two schemes: the Euler formula and the dynamic analysis methodology. In the second scheme, in contrast to the first one, the initial imperfection, established by the measurements of the tested structure, was taken into account. The design calculation errors for both schemes were determined.
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