Methodology of overhead power transmission line pylons technical state assessment with typical exploitation faults accounted
Structure safety estimation via the results of modal testing is widely used in building field. However, overhead power line pylons are so specialised that it is not possible to expand existing standards so that those could be employed to assess pylon conditions. These standards do not contain any information about the pylon eigenvalues, methodology of full-scaled experiment execution or criteria to differentiate pylons with respect to the extent of the structure defects occurred. This means that it is necessary to develop a dedicated approach to estimating the safety of this type of structures. The method proposed boasts an additional advantage, that is, it takes into account the operating defects that are typical for the type of structures under consideration. The point of this method is comparing the computed and experimentally determined natural frequencies of overhead power line pylons. This comparison enables us not only to detect the defect type present in the structure, but also to find whether it is located closer to the base of the structure or in the latticework on one of the sides. The paper presents the results of using our method for estimating the safety of intermediate towers for a 110 kV overhead power line as represented by the SV-5 segment and states the advantages of using our method when planning real-time inspection of structures, as well as for monitoring select towers constantly.
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