Numerical simulation of safety device executive element of the shape memory alloy for a safe electrical outlet
The article considers possibility of creating a safety element for a safe electrical outlet based on the shape memory effect. Numerical model of helical cylindrical spring of the shape memory alloy is developed. The phenomenological approach based on the phase transition diagram is used to describe material behavior. Shape memory effect is included using additional internal force factor i.e. the shape memory moment under torsion. An algorithm for constructing the relationship between the torque in cross section and the shape memory moment for isothermal loading is presented. The problem of simultaneous deformation of shape memory alloy spring and flat copper spring under heating is solved. The contact plate is replaced by an equivalent spring. Spring stiffness is obtained using a system of nonlinear differential equations describing the bending of a bar.
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